First bio-LNG production plant for marine shipping

With the FirstBio2Shipping project, partners Attero, Nordsol and Titan aim to decarbonize the maritime sector by demonstrating the first industrial plant producing renewable, low-carbon bio liquified natural gas (bio-LNG) in a standardised and scalable fashion, enabling the cost-effective substitution of heavy fuel oil (HFO).

The demonstration plant aims to produce 6 million Nm3 /year of biogas, 2,400 tons/year biomethane and 5,000 tons/year bio-CO2. The project would reduce GHG by 92% compared to a reference scenario. Planned date of operation is Q4 2023.

FirstBio2Shipping project will provide Dutch bio-LNG for shipping

Project partners

Attero logo
Titan Clean Fuels logo
Co-funded by EU logo

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Press releases

FirstBio2Shipping project will provide Dutch bio-LNG for shipping

Titan, Attero, and Nordsol awarded €4,3M in funding for a bio-LNG production plant.

13/12/2021 – The FirstBio2Shipping project will help decarbonize maritime transport through scalable and decentralised production of bio-LNG. The FirstBio2Shipping …


The FirstBio2Shipping project was one of the first projects to receive funding from the EU Innovation Fund.

Executive Vice-President Timmermans said: “With today’s investment, the EU is giving concrete support to clean tech projects all over Europe to scale up technological solutions that can help reach climate neutrality by 2050. The increase of the Innovation Fund proposed in the Fit for 55 Package will enable the EU to support even more projects in the future, speed them up, and bring them to the market as quickly as possible.”

Frans Timmermans

Project details

The innovation of the project lies in the direct integration of a new cryogenic liquefaction technology to process biogas and convert it into bio-LNG (the iLNG technology). This increases efficiency and reduces costs. The project will aim to bring the technology beyond the current state-of-the-art in terms of performance, reliability and availability of gas treatment and liquefaction technologies. It will also validate the entire value chain from biogas to bio-LNG as a marine fuel at scale.

Bio-LNG Wilp overview

Integration resolves key challenges

As shown in the figure above, all the bio-LNG plant units are integrated in a closed loop system where all gases are recovered and recycled. This novel integrated system resolves various challenges commonly found in the production of small-scale LNG, including:

  • low bio-LNG quality (i.e. containing amines)
  • high methane ‘slip’ (i.e. unburned methane which is released during CO₂ venting)
  • high temperature demands in gas treatment technologies
  • high costs for disposal of wastewater and toxic chemical waste

Reducing GHG emissions

The produced bio-LNG will reduce GHG emissions by 92% compared to a conventional maritime fuel, representing more than 87500 tCO₂e net absolute emissions avoided during the first ten years of operation. Ongoing R&D efforts will lead to further reductions in methane slip over the next years, bringing even higher GHG emission reduction potential.

A 100% drop-in fuel

The project will deliver bio-LNG to the European marine industry as a 100% ‘drop-in’ fuel, meaning it can be used in general LNG-suited vessels without the need for additional adaptations and it can also be blended with fossil-LNG in any ratio up to 100% without any technical issues. Since maritime transport is hard to electrify (at least in the short to medium term for most vessel types), bio-LNG is an important short-term solution to decarbonise the sector.

CO2 capturing makes negative emissions possible

In addition to bio-LNG, a biogenic CO₂ stream will be captured and liquefied during the project. Whilst currently being planned to be sold on the wholesale market, any future development of synthetic e-fuel production technologies is likely to find a better use of this product (e.g. synthetic kerosene, oxalic acid or e-LNG). As this would be deemed an additional use of CO₂, negative GHG emissions or net carbon removals can soon become possible.